How vegan beauty brands can be effective and animal-free

Some standard ingredient testing methods involve enzymes or antibodies derived from animals. Dr Jan Knight explains how vegan beauty brands can test the antioxidant capacity of cosmetic and toiletry products and their ingredients without compromising on their ideals

The Vegan Awareness Foundation requires that products approved to carry the Certified Vegan Logo must: not contain meat, fish, fowl, animal by-products (including silk or dyes from insects), eggs or egg products, milk or milk products, honey or honey bee products; involve no animal testing of ingredients or finished product by supplier, producer, manufacturer or independent party; provide supplier verification that animal products were not used in the manufacturing of ingredients; contain no known animal-derived GMOs or genes used to manufacture ingredients or finished products.

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